Dr. Jennifer Vitarelli

5 Easy Ways to Naturally Get Rid of Cavities at Home

The teeth, just like any other part of your body, requires care and attention to keep them in a healthy state. There are a lot of people who don’t like visiting the dentist. If you have cavities and want to prevent them on your own, you have come to the right place. 

With excellent oral hygiene and some very simple and easy to adopt dietary changes, you can not only prevent cavities but also reverse tooth decay. 

Dentists at Vitarelli Dental have created a list of natural ways you can use at home to prevent tooth decay and stop cavities. 

Chew a Lot of Sugar-Free Gum

  • Chewing gum is actually a very good way to help prevent tooth decay as long as the gum is sugar-free. Most sugar-free gums contain something called xylitol, a component that acts as a natural sweetener. 

Xylitol, unlike other food, does not create bacteria inside the mouth. Moreover, when you chew on the gum, your mouth creates extra saliva that washes away the bacteria and food particles making sure your mouth is clean.

Make Simple Dietary Changes

  • Switching to a healthy diet has more benefits than just helping you lose weight. What you eat can change your health for the better no matter what your goals are. Research suggests that changing your diet can help reverse tooth decay. 

Since sugar and acidic food can lead to tooth decay, if you stop eating sugar-rich foods and beverages that have high acid, you may never face problems like tooth decay and cavities. 

  • Your diet should be rich in calcium because it is the main building blocks of your bones and teeth. To get more calcium, eat and drink dairy products such as cheese, yogurt, milk, butter, and sour cream. 

Always drink beverages unsweetened. Avoid sugar-rich beverages like fizzy drinks, soda, and juices. You can instead aim for fruit smoothies, unsweetened coffee and tea, and water. Speaking of water, drink a lot of it to keep your body well hydrated which triggers better saliva production in the mouth.

Never Stop Basic Dental Care

  • You must be very familiar with this – regular dental care keeps your oral health in check and stops your tooth enamel from decaying. If you want to protect your teeth from harmful conditions, follow this pre-cavity oral care routine.

Brush your teeth daily for at least two minutes, twice a day. Make sure to brush every surface of your teeth never ignoring the farthest parts of the mouth. 

  • Floss your teeth at least once a day. Flossing is important because there are gaps in the teeth where a toothbrush can never reach. Floss can help pull out food particles from these gaps and prevent germs from growing. 

Use a mouth wash and fluoride toothpaste. Mouthwash has antibacterial attributes that help you get rid of excessive bacteria in the mouth. Avoid mixing the mouthwash with water to get better results.

Change Toothbrush After 2-3 Months

  • A lot of people ignore this fact. A toothbrush, no matter how good it is, lasts for about 3 months before it needs changing. The bristles on the toothbrush can become harsh after continuous use which can lead to gum bleeding and other oral problems.

Picking the right toothbrush is also very important. Here are some tips.

  • Make sure to always purchase a medium-sized brush and make sure the bristles are soft and can easily reach the farthest corners of your mouth.

Never cover your toothbrush with a cover. It may seem that a cover protects your toothbrush but in reality, they harbor microorganisms and bacteria that can easily rest on the bristles and enter your mouth when you brush. Instead, just wash your brush properly before each use and let it rest in the open air. 

  • Change the toothbrush after 3 months because the bristles can easily deteriorate with regular usage and the toothbrush becomes ineffective. 

Get Regular Dental Cleanings

  • While brushing and flossing are good for cleaning your teeth, you will need to visit a dentist every six months to get them professionally cleaned. You may not like visiting the dentist but if you just go for regular dental checkups and cleanings, it will prevent oral problems that need scary procedures to bring your teeth back to normal.

A dentist cleans near the gum line on the front and back of your teeth making sure all the plaque is properly removed from these areas. Regular cleaning is important to reverse cavities and keep your oral health in check.

Regular cleanings are very simple and there is no pain or scary procedures involved. Book your appointment today with Viterrali Dental and let us clean your teeth to prevent future dental cavities.

Teeth Problems Caused by Thumb Sucking in Young Children

Thumb sucking is a natural reflex for toddlers. Typically, the young sucks on fingers, thumbs, pacifiers and other objects to make them feel happy, secure and learn more about the world around them. 

Some children even suck their thumbs to soothe themselves which helps them sleep. As much as it is soothing for young children, thumb sucking can harm the teeth and cause other oral problems.

Here are some problems caused by thumb sucking in children that parents must be aware of.

How Thumb Sucking Affects the Teeth of Children

  • When permanent teeth come in children, thumb sucking can cause problems in the growth of the mouth and as well as the alignment of the teeth. It can also change the way the roof of the mouth is formed leading to oral health problems.

Many parents believe pacifiers are a good alternative to thumb sucking but according to dentists, they can affect the teeth and mouth in the same way finger sucking does. 

  • The harm to teeth, gums, and overall mouth depend a lot on the intensity of the sucking. If the child comfortably rests their finger or thumb in their mouth, then it is less likely that they will develop oral problems in the future.

However, if a child sucks their finger, thumb, or hand vigorously, they are more likely to develop oral problems including problems with baby teeth.

Some of the long-term effects of thumb sucking are listed below.

Long-term Effects of Thumb Sucking

Vigorous thumb sucking can lead to many problems of the teeth and mouth because of the way repetitive pressure the thumb places on the teeth, the roof of the mouth and the jawbone. This can lead to – 

  • Changes in the shape of the jaw
  • Alignment issues with teeth
  • Problems with speech patterns
  • Reduced development of a lisp
  • Sensitivity on the roof of the mouth
  • Overbite
  • Other bite issues including teeth tipping inward and outward 

Most of these issues can be avoided if the child stops sucking thumb when the permanent teeth come in. Children who continue to suck their thumb for a long time are at risk of developing the side effects mentioned above.

  • Talk to your dentist to learn how to encourage your child to stop sucking their thumb. Here are some ways you can try encouraging them at home too.

Help Your Child Stop Sucking Thumb

Children love to be praised and acknowledged, based on this fact, here are some things you can do to stop thumb sucking in children.

  • Praise or acknowledge your child for not sucking thumb
  • Choose a method and make it interactive and fun for children
  • Visit a dentist and let them offer encouragement by explaining what could happen to their mouth if they don’t stop
  • Reduce anxiety in the child by providing other ways to comfort them

If these techniques don’t work for you then you may have to take special steps to ensure your child breaks the habit. You can cover their thumb with a bandage or put a sock on their hand at night. 

Visit one of our pediatricians if nothing works and they will gladly prescribe a bitter medicine that can be used to coat the tip of the thumb which prevents the child from sucking it. 

Why Oral Hygiene for Elderly is Critical for Their Wellbeing

Oral health plays a significant role in elderly people’s lives, their overall health, and wellbeing. Oral problems like tooth decay, gum disease (periodontitis), tooth loss, dry mouth, and oral cancers are more common in older people compared to younger people.

In order to prevent these oral conditions, the elderly need to:

  • Create and follow an oral health care plan
  • Visit regularly to the dentist
  • Support their health with daily oral hygiene routine
  • Talk to their family about their oral concerns

Unfortunately, a lot of elderly ignore visiting dentists regularly in their life, however, they do get in touch with a wide range of people responsible for monitoring and taking care of their health like their family members, health care workers, and home care professionals. 

If you believe you are lacking in oral health knowledge and skills needed to keep oral health in check, you can look at resource packages for the elderly depending on where you live. 

How Oral Health Effects Quality of Life of Elderly

  • Poor oral health in the elderly can create problems in eating and chewing a variety of foods. This can result in poor dietary or severe weight loss leading to several other diseases. 

Furthermore, ignoring oral health also leads to an inability to relax and sleep properly which can affect the self-esteem, appearance, and confidence of the elderly people. Sometimes the ability to talk and communicate with others effectively is also disrupted.

Taking Care of Your Health and Oral Health

  • You may not know this but researchers have found out that oral health and certain diseases including heart attack and stroke are closely related. This is because your mouth acts as a doorway for diseases.

Moreover, dental problems can create health issues for the elderly including chronic medical conditions such as cerebrovascular, cardiovascular, and respiratory diseases. Oral cancers are also diagnosed more in the elderly. If you suspect your oral health is poor, get oral cancer screening done. 

Aspiration Pneumonia

  • Aspiration Pneumonia is another health problem that is directly linked to oral health. If not taken care of, it can lead to hospital admission and even death. Lower respiratory tract infections are more common in the elderly who have accumulated dental plaque, a bacterial outbreak in the gums, tongue, and teeth as well as any dentures they are wearing. 

This can get even worse if the elderly have gum disease, tooth decay, or dry mouth. 


  • Elderly with diabetes experience more gum diseases and oral infections such as thrush. This is usually due to poor diabetic control which leads to gum disease. If gum disease occurs in the elderly who already suffer from diabetes, it could lead to cardiovascular complications.

Dry Mouth

  • Dry mouth is very common in the elderly due to prescribed medications. It is largely an unavoidable and uncomfortable condition for older people. It can affect one’s ability to speak, chew, taste, and even swallow food.

Moreover, dry mouth means more bacteria in the mouth which ultimately increases the risk of oral infections, tooth decay, and aspiration pneumonia.

Improving Oral Health for the Elderly

  • The elderly must take care of their oral health. If they are unable to manage oral health on their own, their caretakers must take the responsibility to make sure their oral hygiene is looked after at all times.

The elderly have special needs and sometimes they have to follow a special oral hygiene routine. But typically, brushing their teeth, flossing regularly, and regular dental care checkups can reduce the risks of the diseases mentioned above.

Vitarelli Dental Can Help

Dr. Vitarelli offers comprehensive dental care services in Madison and Saddle River,  NJ. Our practices emphasize a family-oriented environment that focuses on patient comfort and wellness. 

We believe in treating our patients with dignity, respect, and personal attention in a friendly, relaxing environment. Dr. Vitarelli and her team work harmoniously together to address your oral health concerns. We offer intelligent and honest diagnosis and high-end personalized dental treatment for all of our patients. 

Our treatment is personalized for each patient’s case with quality care and comfort. We use the finest materials and top labs and our attention to detail is second to none. We do our absolute best to provide you with exceptional care.

Elderly looking for dental care procedures can go through oral cancer screening, periodontal therapy, restorative dentistry, dental bridges and other dental procedures at our Saddle River and Madison Dental offices.

Do not delay your appointment with a dentist if you have not been to one in the past six months. A lot of common diseases can be avoided by keeping yourself regularly checked by a dentist. Our dentists will work closely with you to ensure premium oral health care at the most affordable prices. 

Should your dental condition worsen, we have procedures that can provide a viable solution. 

Dried Fruits Can Damage Teeth – Here’s How

Although known for their nutrition value, dry fruits can cause severe damage to your oral health. A lot of people eat them especially during the winter thinking that they are healthy snacks. Little do they know that these snacks are capable of damaging tooth enamel and causing problems to dental health.

Here are some reasons how dried fruit can be risky for your teeth health.

They Are Sugary

  • Dried fruits are prepared in two different ways. The first is sun-drying and controlled drying which takes about five days to yield perfect results. The other method, industrially drying is more common because of how fast it can yield results. 

The main purpose of drying the fruits is to drain the water from them so that sugar is concentrated. In the process of drying, the fruits attain 7 times more sugar than their fresh form. Moreover, most dried snacks that you buy from a local grocery don’t have vitamin C.

  • Sometimes lemon or lime juice is also added to the mix simply to increase the percentage of the vitamin. This step also lowers the pH level, making dried fruit acidic. So in simple terms, dried fruit has more amount of sugar and acid content than fresh fruit, both of which are dangerous for the teeth.

What Kind of Damage Does Dry Fruit Cause to Teeth?

Dried fruits can cause a variety of dental problems. Here are some of the most common ones.

  • Teeth discoloration. When fruits are dried, they can lose much of their natural color. Thus artificial colors have to be added to make them more appealing. Companies usually use food colorings made from mango, plums, or papaya. These can stain your teeth.
  • Secretion injury. Non-organic dry fruits can decrease the natural saliva secretion of the mouth. Saliva is very important since it helps fight back bacteria that can lead to tooth decay. Reduced saliva means more bacterial activity in the mouth hence more oral health problems.
  • Broken teeth. Some dry fruits are very sticky and chewing on them carelessly can lead to the removal of dental fillings and even teeth breaking and cracking. Fruits like nuts, pineapple, peanuts, and almonds can cause your teeth to break or chip. Chew them carefully and patiently.
  • Caries. These fruits have sugar levels 7 times higher than fresh fruits. Since most of them are also sticky in nature, they can easily stick between the teeth and can lead to the formation of cavities.

In order to protect your teeth from potential damage, we highly recommend that you control the amount of dried fruit you eat. Brush and floss your teeth immediately after you have eaten a dried fruit that has high acidity and is sticky in nature.

  • Eating dried fruits is not recommended if you have dental fillings. Try fruit juice, fresh fruits, and vegetables as alternatives. Should you still end up eating them, rinse them with water immediately.

Visit our dentists today for a routine dental checkup and learn if your teeth are in the right health to eat dried fruits. 

7 Tips to Protect Your Children’s Teeth on Halloween

Holloween is just around the corner and for most kids, it means free bags of Halloween candy and a way to stockpile on candies for the entire winter. For parents, it also brings the fear that their children will suffer from various oral problems. 

Although it is completely fine for the kids to eat candy on Holloween, there should be a solid plan in place so you can control when and how much they are eating it. 

Here are some tips to help you set a plan and an oral hygiene routine to protect your children’s teeth on Halloween.

Limit the Use of Candy

  • Snacking too much on sugary stuff can easily increase the risk of cavities, and if your children are eating candy all day, the risk is tripled. You need to limit the use of candy on a daily basis.

Set a plan where you allow your kids to eat candy only at certain times. For example, limit candy consumption before going to bed.

  • You can even go for sugar-free sweet snacks. These snacks are not as bad as sugary snacks for oral health. 

Avoid Sticky Stuff

  • Candies pose a significant threat to teeth health, but if they are sticky in nature, the risks are doubled. The stickier the candy is, the harder it is to get rid of the mouth of food particles. Moreover, the saliva cannot wash away sticky candy as easily as it would on other types of sugary snacks.

If you see your children snacking too much on sticky candies like caramel chocolates, taffy, or gummy bears, try to tell them why it is important to avoid them.

Drink a Lot of Water

  • Most neighborhoods in the U.S get fluoridated water supply. Water that is rich in fluoride helps prevent tooth decay. Make sure your children are drinking plenty of fluoridated water. 

If you do not drink tap water at home, choose bottled water that is fluoridated. 

Avoid Soda and other Sweet Beverages

  • Flavored drinks, soda, and sports drinks all have a lot of sugar in them. When the children’s teeth come in contact with drinks that contain a high content of sugar, the risk of tooth decay is significantly increased.

Combined with candy, the risk is tripled and by the end of the holiday, your children may have already developed oral problems.

Brush Teeth Every Day

  • This is important for you and your family throughout the year. During Halloween, you must make sure your children are not skipping on brushing their teeth. Invest in a fluoride toothpaste and have them brush their teeth twice a day.

It is very important to brush the teeth if sticky candy is involved. Brush once in the morning, and once before going to bed. Change the toothbrush after every three months to make sure that the bristles have not frayed.

Timing is Critical

  • Eating Halloween candy with other sugary food or beverages is a bad idea. Ensure that children are eating candy only after their meals because when you finish a meal, the saliva production is high. 

This will help the mouth wash down any excess candy and it will also prevent tooth damaging bacteria from forming in the mouth. If sticky candy is involved, make your kids brush their teeth immediately after to prevent cavities. 

Visit the Dentist

  • Regular visits to the dentist are very important for healthy teeth. If your children haven’t been to a pediatric dentist in the past six months, make sure you visit a dentist before Halloween.

A child may already have plaque and other dental situations that a dentist can fix before Halloween begins. If these problems are not fixed before Halloween begins, the candy could accelerate the process and tooth decay may be apparent. Don’t ruin the Halloween experience for you and your kids and visit the dentist today. 

Vitarelli Dental is always welcoming parents and children alike. We strive hard to make sure you and your family’s dental health is looked after. We may even give you a plan to help you stay away from common oral problems during Halloween. 

7 Things You Should Know About Invisalign Treatment

Invisalign is a series of customized, removable aligners that help correct the position of teeth comfortably while remaining invisible. It is an alternative treatment to bracers and comes with many benefits. 

However, before you consider getting Invisalign treatment, it is important to know what you are getting into. The treatment is offered by most dentists, so it is important to do your research and feel comfortable with the dentist and the team that will be looking after you while you are going through the treatment.

Vitarelli Dental has partnered with Invisalign to give you the best and most comfortable treatment in Saddle River. Before you decide to go for the treatment, here are 7 things that we believe you should know.

Will Invisalign Work for You?

  • Invisalign is no different in function than traditional bracers. You will have to make certain adjustments in your lifestyle if you want the treatment to produce ideal results. The aligners have to be worn for at least 22 hours every day and must be removed when you drink and eat anything other than cold water.

If you do not follow these rules, the treatment may take longer to produce complete results. Depending on the severity of your case, you may have to wear the aligners for up to one year. Most cases are suitable for Invisalign these days, however, there have been a few cases where the patient was recommended fixed braces treatment instead.

  • Vitarelli Dental offers complimentary Invisalign consultation. If you’re not sure whether the treatment is for you, just book an appointment and we’ll gladly figure it out for you.

How Long Must Each Aligner Be Worn For?

  • Invisalign aligners will have to be worn for 2 weeks before you can change the set. Moving the teeth is a long process and should be handled in a slow and gradual way. Thus you will be expected to wear change these aligners every 2-3 weeks while you are under treatment.

Most cases report complete recovery in six months, however, some cases can take up to a year to produce complete results.

How Does Invisalign Feel Like in the Mouth?

  • The treatment is generally pain-free because there is fairly gradual movement with Invisalign. You will notice a slight tenderness when you change the set of aligners but this is actually a sign that the teeth are moving as they should be.

It naturally takes a few days to adjust wearing the aligners and getting used to the new routine and lifestyle changes. 

Will People be Able to Tell that You Are Wearing Aligners?

  • Invisalign are clear and invisible, but there are some instances where people may still be able to see them. The aligners make the teeth appear shinier and they may start to discolor slightly after they have been used. 

This is why aligners must be changed after every two weeks. But the good news is that most of our patients report that they were able to go through the entire treatment without people noticing.

Will They Affect Your Love Life?

As opposed to popular belief, Invisalign does not affect your love life. You will still be able to kiss and date comfortably while wearing them. You can even buy cleaning tablets that dissolve in the water and clean the aligners so they stay fresh.

Will Your Speech be Affected?

  • Yes, some patients report a temporary change to their speech. This is usually during the first phase where the patient is getting used to wearing the aligners. This effect on speech goes away within the few weeks after you have gotten used to wearing the aligners.


We are sure that you have more questions related to Invisalign. The treatment is extremely effective for getting your teeth back in the perfect position so you can enjoy a beautiful smile.

If this post did not answer all of your questions, feel free to schedule your complimentary Invisalign consultation with Vitarelli Dental today. 

Pros and Cons of Laser Teeth Whitening From a Dentist’s Perspective

There is no doubt that nothing is more important than a beautiful and brilliantly white smile. Sometimes, even the best oral care or can’t get you the bright pearly white smile you have always thought of.

However, you don’t need to worry because there are several options available to have your teeth cosmetically whitened, but one of the newest and most popular methods for teeth whitening is through laser teeth whitening.

Before you schedule an appointment with Vitarelli Dental for teeth whitening, it is important to let you know the pros and cons of the procedure so you can decide whether it is the right move for you.

Pros of Laser Teeth Whitening

  • The biggest benefit of laser teeth whitening is that it is one of the most effective whitening procedures available today through a dentist. The results are highly visible from a single teeth whitening treatment.

Moreover, this method of teeth whitening is also very quick and easy to perform – you can have your teeth whitened several shades in just a few minutes. Only a single visit is required. 

  • Another great advantage of laser teeth whitening is that it is not uncomfortable or invasive in any way possible. All you have to do is sit in a comfortable chair at the dentist’s office, open your mouth, and let them do all the work.

Cons of Laser Whitening Treatment

  • Although there are numerous benefits of laser whitening procedure, there are some drawbacks that you must be aware of. 

Because this procedure involves a laser, it may not be the best treatment for everyone, especially if you have sensitive teeth or are sensitive to laser rays in any way. 

  • There have been a few cases in the past at Vitarelli Dental where patients reported that they had increased tooth sensitivity after tooth whitening. Unfortunately, it is near impossible to tell whether you are sensitive to laser teeth whitening procedures or not. 

The only way to find out is to talk to your dentist and see if you have a history with sensitive teeth. 

All You Need to Know About Tooth Sensitivity

  • Another big drawback of laser whitening is that it may cost you a lot. But this depends a lot on the dentist and their office. At Vitarelli Dental, we make sure to give you the best laser teeth whitening out there under a very affordable price. 

We guarantee that once you go through the procedure, you’ll have 10 shades whiter teeth than before. 


  • Laser teeth whitening is a modern procedure that is suitable for people who are unable to achieve pearly white teeth through whitening strips or whitening toothpaste. 

Although it is a good idea to try and whiten your teeth at home with a whitening solution obtained from a departmental store, you should still talk to your dentist before trying anything that you are not familiar with.

  • Most tooth whitening toothpaste has fluoride and other ingredients that can damage your tooth enamel and cause increased tooth sensitivity. If you ever suspect that toothpaste has caused increased sensitivity in your teeth, stop using it immediately. 

How Our Teeth Whitening Procedure Works

Depending on the whitening method you choose, results can be dramatic: in-office whitening, for example, can lighten your teeth three to eight shades in a single hour.

Our procedure is professionally supervised and it works faster, and protects sensitive gums and tooth-root surfaces better, than over-the-counter whitening products. 

Having an oral exam before you begin any whitening process is an important first step to make sure your tooth discoloration is not the result of a dental condition in need of treatment.

3 Pros and Cons of Dental Veneers – Should You Get One?

One of the safest and quickest ways to address a variety of aesthetic and physical problems in the tooth can be addressed with dental veneers. Veneers are constructed using porcelain that is cemented to the front of the natural teeth to hide away discoloration and damage.

Since veneers are permanent, it is a good idea to know about the pros and cons of both the veneers and the procedure itself before you decide to get them. Here are 3 pros and cons of dental veneers.

Pros of Dental Veneers

They Can Whiten Your Smile

  • If you drink a lot of coffee or smoke more than 5 cigarettes a day, then you will probably have discolored teeth. Discoloration of teeth can turn your smile unattractive with shades of brown and yellow. 

This is due to enamel becoming stained after long exposure to pigmented food and drinks. Although the problem can be addressed with dental bleaching or at-home bleaching, a far easier way to whiten your teeth to bright pearly whites is to get porcelain veneers

  • Getting teeth bleached only works for a set period of time but veneers can resist stains for a very long period of time simply because they are stain-resistant. So if you get dental veneers, you’ll never have to worry about your teeth becoming yellow or brown. 

They Can Replace The Damaged Enamel

  • Enamel is very strong but not invincible. The outer most layer of the teeth can easily be worn down by exposing it to acidic food and drinks such as coffee. Sometimes vigorous brushing can also damage the enamel.

Because lost enamel can never grow back, it is a good idea to get veneers to protect the enamel from further damage or erosion. 

They Can Resolve Minor Cosmetic Concerns

  • Got crooked, chipped or damaged teeth? Although these concerns can be resolved by wearing braces or dental bridges, they can be resolved with veneers aswell. Dental veneers that are attached to the front surface of your teeth ensure that the teeth will never change their position. 

They actually cover up common orthodontic problems when they are applied to a chipped tooth. The natural teeth under them will remain chipped or damaged but at least no one will be able to tell that you’ve got bad teeth. 

  • You have to keep in mind that veneers are not capable of hiding away all aesthetic problems of the mouth. Your dentist may recommend other cosmetic dentistry procedures if your main aim is to improve your smile. 

Cons of Dental Veneers

Your Teeth May Become Sensitive

  • Some people report increased teeth sensitivity immediately after getting dental veneers. You may start feeling pain while eating or drinking hot or cold food or beverages for a few days immediately after the procedure.

But this pain usually goes away with time. If tooth sensitivity is particularly uncomfortable for you, then you should avoid getting dental veneers in the first place. 

Veneers are Permanent and Irreversible

Dental veneers are permanent because your dentist needs to change the very structure of your natural teeth in order to place the veneers on them. In some cases, the enamel is removed before the veneers are placed.

The Procedure can be Costly

  • Depending on where you live, dental veneers can be expensive to put on. Thankfully, at Vitarelli Dental, we offer the most affordable dental veneer procedure in Saddle River and Madison. 

Talk to us today to learn what your options are. We’ll let you know exactly how much it will cost to cover your teeth with veneers. You can then decide whether you should go for the procedure or not. 

Difference Between 4 Types of Dental Bridges – Which is Better?

If you’ve lost a tooth to an unfortunate accident or due to degrading oral health, don’t worry, you’re not alone. On average, about every American adult aged between 20 and 64 have lost at least one or more teeth. 

The good news is that you’ve got plenty of options to have the missing teeth replaced. One of the most common ways to achieve that is to have a dentist install a dental bridge. But there are different kinds of dental bridges and some may not suit your particular needs and situation.

We have listed down the four most common types of dental bridges a dentist usually recommends. You can talk to a dentist to find out which suits you best or you can decide for yourself after reading how each functions.

Old School/Traditional Dental Bridges

Old school dental bridges or traditional bridges are the most common dental bridges. These bridges are made up of one or more fake teeth. They usually hold themselves in place by the dental crowns. 

Dentists usually like to call them abutments and they are basically cemented into the teeth that are next to the missing tooth. 

Traditional bridges are good to use when the missing tooth is surrounded by two healthy teeth. Bridges require strong adjacent teeth to replace the missing tooth hence you’ll need to have healthy adjacent teeth if you intend to go with this option.

The only drawback of these types of bridges is that the teeth next to the missing tooth require a lot of preparation by a dentist. Usually, this is achieved by removing the enamel of the crown to make room for the cemented top. 

Enamel can never grow back once removed. This means that if you go for traditional bridges, these teeth will always have to be protected with crowns.

Maryland Bridges 

Maryland bridges are a good alternative to traditional bridges. These bridges are made with pontic that is held by a metal framework. The framework is placed on the back of the adjacent teeth to the missing tooth. 

The good thing about these bridges is that they can be put on without removing the enamel since they don’t need to be held by crowns. 

The downside of Maryland bridges is that they tend to hold together by the strength of the resin that holds them in place. In simple words, if the area of the mouth where these bridges are exposed to a lot of chewing and biting, they may not hold on their own for long. 

Cantilever Bridges

Cantilever bridges are another common option to have your missing tooth or teeth replaced. They work a lot like traditional bridges. The only difference is that the fake teeth are supported with an abutment on only one side of the tooth rather than on both sides in the case of traditional bridges.

This is a good option if you want to have a missing tooth replaced that is supported by only one healthy tooth on one side. 

Implant-Supported Bridges

Implant-supported bridges are best used when more than one tooth is missing. They are not supported with crowns, instead, a dentist plants an implant where the crown is then placed on the bridge. 

The best thing about implant-supported bridges is that they feel very much like real teeth. They are held strongly on the jaw and act just like natural teeth. But that also means that these fake teeth will require the same oral care you give to your natural teeth.

The only downside is that the implants require you to go through two different surgeries. The first surgery will have the dentist place the implant while the second surgery will have the dentist place the bridge.

The process is also very long. It typically takes around five months to have your bridge installed properly. 

If you’re missing a tooth, don’t worry. At Vitarelli Dental, we provide all types of bridges. Our Saddle River dentist office offers esthetic ceramic restorations that are a new choice for beauty and safety. 

Get in touch with us today and we’ll let you know what your best options are. 

4 Dos and Dont’s When You Have Swollen Gums

Swollen gums are a very common oral problem that can happen due to a number of different reasons. If swelling gums tend to stay for more than a few days, you should immediately contact a dentist.

While you are waiting for your appointment, there are a couple of things you can do to prevent the problem from getting worse. 

But before we jump into the dos and don’ts of when you have swollen gums, let’s look at the common root causes of gum swelling.

Common Causes of Swollen Gums

Change of Tooth Paste

  • If you have just recently switched your toothpaste, floss, or mouthwash, swollen gums could be because of an allergic reaction. 

Don’t change your toothpaste without consulting a dentist first, especially if you have sensitive teeth or chronic oral problems.


  • Certain prescribed medicines can cause swollen gums as a side effect. If you think your teeth and gums started to feel painful or swollen, talk to your dentist or doctor and see if there are any alternative medicines available.

Nutritional Issues

  • One of the reasons that irritate your gums is poor nutrition. For example, Vitamin C deficiency is known to cause inflamed gums. 

If you have a Vitamin C deficiency, start adding fruits and vegetables rich in the vitamin to your diet.



  • Swollen and bleeding gums could also be happening due to gingivitis. If you have not been brushing your teeth or flossing them properly, you could have this problem. Brushing and flossing are very important for healthy teeth and gums. 

There are a number of other causes of swollen gums. If one of these doesn’t seem to be the root cause, talk to a dentist today. Schedule an online appointment with Vitarelli Dental and we’ll get to the bottom of the problem.

How to Get Relief from Swollen Gums

  • One of the first and most important things to do is to book an appointment with a dentist. While you wait for an appointment, here are some things you can do to reduce discomfort and swelling in the gums.

Do These When You Have Swollen Gums

  • Try and improve your nutrition. Add vegetables and fruits and avoid caffeinated drinks such as coffee and carbonated beverages. You need to also cut down on alcohol and tobacco if the issue persists for more than two to three days.
  • Don’t miss brushing or flossing. If swollen gums are being caused due to gingivitis, then you need to take extra care of your oral hygiene. Brush and floss your teeth regularly to remove food particles after eating or at the end of the day. You also need to see if you are using the right toothpaste or mouthwash.
  • Inflammed gums can also be controlled by rinsing your mouth with a saltwater solution. There are many home remedies on the internet that can help you make a salt-water solution at home.
  • See the dentist. If you haven’t already booked an appointment with a dentist, you need to immediately do so. Periodontal therapy can detect most oral health problems and provide effective solutions. 

Don’t Do These When You Have Swollen Gums

  • Immediately stop or cut down the use of tobacco and alcohol. Both substances are notorious when it comes to irritating your gums.
  • Don’t ignore the condition. You need to take immediate action if the problem persists for more than two to three days. If swollen gums are left untreated, it could be due to a serious underlying problem. Visit a dental professional at our Madison dental office for a quick and long-term solution.
  • Stop using toothpaste and mouthwash that irritate your gums. Most Mouthwashes have alcohol in them which may further irritate swollen gums. Change the brand of your toothpaste if you feel it is hurting your condition further.  

Get Professional Help Immediately

No matter how bad the condition of swollen gums is, it is crucial that you get your oral health looked at by a professional dentist. For swollen gums, you will have to go through periodontal therapy.

The procedure aims to restore diseased tissue back to their healthy state. Gum diseases can easily spread from the gums to the bones that support the teeth, and if left untreated, could lead to tooth loss.